revelation 21:8 greek
Jesus is called the author and the finisher of our faith, the beginning and the end. In the city of God these foundation stones were all precious stones. The woman was there seen sitting on a scarlet-coloured beast, i.e., the well-known imperial power of the Roman Empire, "full of [the] names of blasphemy" in its wicked opposition to God, and clothed with the forms we have already seen "seven heads and ten horns." And whoremongers - See the notes on Galatians 5:19. Life as we know it in the present world is to be completely replaced by a new order. It was the same with the Jews. When God is so gracious, His word rich, full, and deep, it does seem sad to see His children content with just enough to save their souls, or keep them from positive starvation. According to the general scope of scripture, then, we may be quite sure that these saints, kept during this universal dissolution of the atmospheric heaven and the earth, will be translated to "the new heavens and new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness," in a condition new and meet for the eternal state into which they are ushered. As it was his glory that he gave the rise and beginning to the world and to his church, it will be his glory to finish the work begin, and not to leave it imperfect. He is all in all. It would have been incongruous to bring in that long description before, because this must have interrupted the flow of the prophetic stream. But most important of all, in Solomon's temple the Holy of Holies was a perfect cube ( 1 Kings 6:20). There is no real proof that man is the first order that God created upon the earth here. 3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. 16 The city lies four-square, and its length is the same as its breadth. There are two main ideas here. But in this is shown what it is of importance to see the true nature of the kingdom or millennial reign. Consequently Christianity, as being directly aggressive on the falsehood of heathenism, was of all things the most offensive to Rome. The Precious Stones Of The City ( Revelation 21:18-21). See the 1 Corinthians 6:9-10 notes; Galatians 5:19-21 notes. Not because any of their names were written therein, but in proof that they were not. "And the woman whom thou sawest is the great city, that hath kingship over the kings of the earth." I'm not going to add to it. Yet one allows freely a partial application already. Verse Only. That could be the picture here. No need of a temple because we meet God everywhere now. WebRevelation 21:8 New King James Version 8 But the cowardly, [ a]unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the Line-By-Line Order: Verse-Reference. There is a certain difficulty of translation here. It was the barbarians who brought in the prevalent ideas of liberty as well as feudalism, and accordingly it is they that have firmly stood for freedom; so that all the efforts to reconstitute the empire which have been tried over and over again have hitherto issued in total failure. For I am not aware that any scripture treats of the subject, beyond laying down principles such as we have sought to apply to the case. And sinners, , is added here by about thirty excellent MSS., and is found in the Syrian, Arabic, some of the Slavonic, and in Andreas and Arethas. And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for night shall not be there. The presence of God with his people in heaven will not be interrupted as it is on earth, but he will dwell with them continually. Those who triumph through persecution and temptation prove the genuineness of their faith, and will enjoy a specially close relationship with God their Father. The promise of God to those who overcome is the same that was made to Abraham the founder of the nation, to David on behalf of Solomon his son, and to the Messiah himself. This world is not now newly created, but newly opened, and filled with all those who were the heirs of it. The east is the place of the rising sun and the beginning of the day. Such is God's account of Babylon the great. It opened on to the street by a great gate in the outer wall, leading into a spacious vestibule. And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it. And then we come to a most cheering disclosure: "And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and [I saw] the souls of those beheaded on account of the witness of Jesus, and on account of the word of God: and those who had not worshipped the beast, nor his image, and had not received his mark upon their forehead, and on their hand; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years." WebThe book ends with a vision of faithful souls in the next life rejoicing around the throne of God. 21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the gates consisted of a single pearl. The jasper was not the modern opaque jasper but a translucent rock crystal, green in colour. The abominable are those who practice abominationsthat is, the blasphemous and licentious practices associated with idolatry. the first earth and the first heaven passed away; no more sea ( Revelation 21:1 ). They shall bring 27 to it the glory and the honour of the nations; but nothing unclean shall enter into it, nor shall he who practises abominable things or uses falsehood, but only those who are written in the Lamb's Book of Life. 21:8 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550 , Revelation 21:8 Hebrew Bible , Revelation 21:8 Aramaic NT: Peshitta , Deuteronomy 20:8 And the officers shall speak further to the people, and they shall , Judges 7:3 Now therefore go to, proclaim in the ears of the people, saying, , Isaiah 51:12 I, even I, am he that comforts you: who are you, that you should , Isaiah 57:11 And of whom have you been afraid or feared, that you have lied, and , Matthew 8:26 And he said to them, Why are you fearful, O you of little faith? In the new world the frightening dark will be no more, for the presence of God will bring eternal light. It is very evident, therefore, that the saints in a glorified state are here represented as following the Lord out of heaven. I am not aware of any MS. in its favour, though some versions represent it. It is very possible. I believe the New Jerusalem will actually be an orbit around the new earth. This misery will be their proper part and portion, what they have justly deserved, what they have in effect chosen, and what they have prepared themselves for by their sins. help them, the heaven, and God's chariot the sun, and the moon. What the symbolism of that would be it is impossible to tell, unless it is John's way of saying that the city of the gods is made new in the city of God. And so he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal ( Revelation 21:9-11 ); So you see how light refracts in a crystal and the brilliance or in a diamond the refraction of light, the glorious colors that are coming forth from the new Jerusalem as it descends out of heaven to take its place of orbit around the new earth. It is one of those cases which every now and then appear where God checks and reproves our foolish curiosity, as He alone knows how to do perfectly. The Egyptians saw it as the power which swallowed up the waters of the Nile and left the fields barren. Even the worst of governments is better than none. WebRev 21:8 But for the cowardly, unbelieving, sinners, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, their part is in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death." If so, they are there in the quality not of the bride, but of those invited to the marriage of the Lamb; but I do not think them the Apocalyptic saints for the simple reason that, as shown in the next chapter, the Apocalyptic saints are not raised from the dead yet. "Behold," said God to Isaiah, "I create new heavens and a new earth; and the former things shall not be remembered, or come into mind" ( Isaiah 65:17). The Sibylline Oracles has a noble passage which tells of the reaction of the Gentiles when they see the goodness of God to Israel: Then all the isles and the cities shall say, How doth the Eternal, love those men! (John 5:24 compared with Romans 14:1-23 and 2 Corinthians 5:1-21.). But this is not to emerge from the bottomless pit. Alpha ( G1) is the first letter of the Greek alphabet and omega ( G5598) the last. John goes on to amplify this statement. 4. When we remember how precious the Temple was to the Jews, this is amazing. See the notes on Mark 16:16. Then the word is, "Award her even as she awarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she mixed, mix to her double. So, there are glorious things. For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns. After that we have the admonitions to the end of this book. Day 223 of the year = 8/11 symbolizes Revelation 8:11 WORMWOOD = Greek number 894 894 days - 365 - 365 = 164 George h w bush born in a leap year 6/12/1924 was day 164 of the year. But the most ordinary knowledge suffices; for who does not know from the Bible that there was a Roman empire when Christ was born, one emperor, and no such state as that empire divided into ten kingdoms? This is the meaning of "one hour with the beast.". V. The truth and certainty of this blessed state are ratified by the word and promise of God, and ordered to be committed to writing, as matter of perpetual record, Revelation 21:5; Revelation 21:6. His blows on this world come more nationally as on Israel; incomparably more severe, as in possession of greater privileges, is the judgment of corrupt Christendom, or Babylon as it is called here. This is most important, because it might be (as it has been) forgotten by some who make the gospel and the corresponding presence of the Spirit to be the same at all times; as others have thought, because Revelation 4:1-11 and sequel treat of Jew and Gentile, and the state of the world under God's judgments, that this cannot be a testimony of Jesus at all. We do not mend matters by hasty conclusions, we only complicate the truth. These sins have often been commented upon in this series; the principal significance of their appearance here lies in the fact that "God is the speaker!" Here is what Revelation 20:6, 14 and Revelation 21:8 say about the second death: Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over such the second death has no power Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And sorcerers; conjurers, dealers with familiar spirits, necromancers, and such as use the magic art, as many of the popes did to get into the chair, and poisoners of kings and princes; whoredoms and witchcrafts go together sometimes, as they did in Jezebel, an emblem of the Romish antichrist. It was said that it would reach to Damascus and would cover the whole of Palestine. And thus it was but a little glimpse they had of prophecy. Third, it was made in a Psalm which the Jewish scholars always interpreted of the Messiah. By the vastly different state of the wicked. "Surely I come quickly." So, just what kind of order, or whatever, is only speculation and as such worthless, but it will be interesting when we get there and find out. It gives a retrogressive account of Babylon's character, and shows how it morally compelled the divine judgment. But alas! We can understand a remnant saved out of one or more nations; but who ever heard of "nations of them which are saved"? Holman Christian Standard Bible Then I It is always a child of wickedness. Thus everything implies their simultaneous presence for the same time and common action with the beast, in plundering and then destroying Babylon. Web[ 1] Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me. "For God put [it] into their hearts to do his mind, and to do one mind, and to give their kingdom to the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled." And unbelieving Unbelief is a gross, unpardonable sin, unless repented of. The fearful denote those who had not firmness boldly to maintain their professed principles, or who were afraid to avow themselves as the friends of God in a wicked world. What confusion! But we can understand that the Lord could and did make that little go far, and do no little good. That is what Paul is thinking of when he speaks of the Jerusalem that is above ( Galatians 4:26), and also what is in the mind of the writer to the Hebrews when he speaks of the heavenly Jerusalem ( Hebrews 12:22). The simplest interpretation of the wall is that it is "the insurmountable bulwark of faith." (ii) John, like the ancient prophets, repeatedly speaks of the Gentiles and their kings bringing their gifts to God. When the Lord takes His own throne, they take theirs by grace. This is the witness of Paul: "If any one is in Christ, he is a new creation" ( 2 Corinthians 5:17). When the beast dares to fight with the Lamb He shall overcome the beast; and they that are with Him, "called and chosen and faithful" terms, as a whole, entirely inapplicable to the angels. I am not raising any question about the ten. We shall find, on the contrary, its aspect is toward the universe, yet is there the special place of Israel; and quite right it is that it should be so. Had those who preached said nothing about heathen vanities, had they merely presented the gospel as a better thing than anything the pagans could boast, I do not doubt that the pagans themselves would have acknowledged thus much. As long as Rome was pagan, there was neither the full bearing of the seven heads, nor did so much as one of the ten horns exist. In the wall are twelve gates, and on the gates the names of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel. The Church shall be the metropolis of the world; it shall be honoured and esteemed among the nations of mankind. Such is the hard bondage which mere historical tradition imposes on its votaries. . These are not merely the preacher-prejudices of current religion, but the eternal laws of God against such things. John 16:7-11 (KJV) 7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come u 2. There stands the solemn brand graven, not on the blasphemous beast, but on the forehead of its rider, "Mystery, Babylon the great." "Behold," it said, "the dwelling-place of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they will be his peoples, and God himself shall be with them; and he will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death will be no more, nor will there be any grief or crying, nor will there be any more pain, for the first things have gone.". . ( Rev 8:1011) Some things which seem vastly important are seen to be unimportant when seen in the light of God. The horns have constantly opposed each other, and even sometimes the pope. Centuries after came in, not only the division into east and west, but the broken up state of the west, when there ceased to be an imperial chief. "And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse." . Surely this stands for the catholicity of the Church. "Called" is most evidently inapplicable, because calling supposes that the person is brought out of one condition and raised into another and a better one. Who were they? It is not the normal word which is pule ( G4439) ; it is pulon ( G4440) . All image worshippers are idolaters in every sense of the word. That is, Satan will be the spring of its final rise and power; he, and not God in any way whatever, will give it its character. So we find the Lord has room for all that is the fruit of His own grace only, for the appeal of grace, even when there is not the answer to it. Clearly the same saints whom we have seen first set forth by the elders in heaven, subsequently by the elders and the living creatures, next, by the bride and the living creatures at the marriage-supper, and finally by the armies that followed the Lord out of heaven. Then come others in the condition of separate spirits or souls, whom the prophet saw two different classes of them those beheaded for the witness of Jesus and the word of God, and those who refused the beast in every form, The proof of the third class should have been given a little more distinctly than in our version. Without price I will give to the thirsty of the fountain of the water of life.". I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of water of life freely ( Revelation 21:6 ). Those condemned are those who are afraid to do their duty, not those who do it, though timidly and in spite of the fears of nature: still less those who do it with fear and trembling in St Pauls sense. For in speaking matter into existence, He brought the protons and electrons and assembled them together. In Daniel's time it was not at hand. He is coming, and coming soon for us. All these things have their place in Babylon the great. This is probably a reference, primarily, to participants in the rites of paganism and the unmentionable perversions and debaucheries that attended them. WebRev 21:8 But the cowardly, unbelieving, [fn] abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death. The New Jerusalem ( cf. It is true that the nations did bring their gifts to the Church. This disposes of many a web of comments; for we find at once what is perfectly simple, what any child of God who believes this to be the word of God must own. And then comes the gathering and the battle. Exodus 20:13-17; cf. [2.] That is, Babylon is viewed in this chapter not so much in her mysterious and religious form, giving currency to every kind of confusion of truth and error, of good and evil, intoxicating, corrupting, and seducing, as all can see, through her wickedly religious influence; but she is viewed here as the most conspicuous aider and abettor of the world in its luxuries and delights and the pride of life, of what men call "civilization." Reception And Rejection ( Revelation 21:24-27 Continued). [Note: See Peterson, "Does the . (ii) It may well be that the only intention of John is to stress the splendour of the city of God in which even the foundations were stones beyond price. Verse Only. In the first eight verses of Revelation 21:1-27we have the new heaven and the new earth, but besides, awful to say, the lake of fire. Indeed it must be so, because, as we read in the end of the last chapter, there the lost were cast. The name of the star is Wormwood. 25-26.] Johns first vision of the New Jerusalem 21:2-8. Are we then to understand that the elders and the living creatures are together taken absolutely as the bride now? This is never the case with an angel. (by implication) faithless -- fearful. , , , 21:8 Greek NT: Nestle 1904, 21:8 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881, 21:8 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants], 21:8 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005, 21:8 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church, 21:8 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition, 21:8 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894, 21:8 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550. Everything that belongs to the body of Christ is unearthly and unworldly. Thus the misery of the damned will illustrate the blessedness of those that are saved, and the blessedness of the saved will aggravate the misery of those that are damned. The sapphire appears in the Old Testament story as the stone of the paving on which God stood ( Exodus 24:10). What is true of the Old Testament is true of the literature between the Testaments. It is no longer a question either of celebrating the ways and counsels of God, or of the war with the beast and king. I do not suppose that many words are required by the present audience to show that we are not to understand the scene as a mere figure of Christianity. Thus there is a completeness and perfection about it suited to its present character. Now, these are the angels that had those seven final vials. The identification of the chrysolite is uncertain. Let others speculate, if they will: I am persuaded that he who essays to conceive the details is merely striving to draw a bow beyond the power of man. Finally, in Rev. 11 ; Rhetoric 3.11). Thus it would include those who live in open sin; who practice detestable vices; whose conduct is suited to excite disgust and abhorrence. God in His providence did sanction the great empires of old; and the principle continues as long as the church is here below. It is Israel's task "to gather the righteous from among the Gentiles" (Testament of Naphtali 8:3, 4). And all liars; in common, and particularly such who speak lies in hypocrisy, as the followers of the man of sin, and who are given up to believe a lie, that they might be damned; all lies being of the devil, and abominable to God. Line-By-Line Order: Verse-Reference. Try to put them together and they will fight each other. But she has a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and the impurities of her fornication. The angel implies nothing of the sort. Separate Line. Finally they will destroy her. "And he showed me a pure river of water of life, bright as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb." The Sinai MS. has both. It is not the gospel, nor the Holy Spirit, but the lawless revived Latin empire with its vassal kingdoms of the west, that combine and destroy Babylon. Connected with the city of the gods there are the signs of the Zodiac, the signs of the parts of the heavens through which the sun passes. Line-By-Line Order: Verse-Reference. Again, to my mind it seems demonstrably true that the relation to the beast here brought before us must in all fairness be allowed to look onward to a later stage of Babylon. It is to Jesus. It is God's promise: "I will transform the heaven and make it an eternal blessing and light; and I will transform the earth and make it a blessing" (Enoch 45:4). (iii) There is another interesting possibility. Still God acts in a wisdom far above man, and holds to His principles even there. Pulon ( G4440) can also mean the gate-tower in a great city, like the gate leading into a battlemented castle. The heavens will be on fire. The promise to Ezekiel is: "My dwelling-place shall be with them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people" ( Ezekiel 37:27). What makes it the more notable is this, that the rod of iron is promised to us not the sword. The sons of the stranger will learn to love God and to serve him. The city itself was of pure gold, so pure that it seemed like transparent glass. There is another remark to make. 21:9-27 9 There came to me one of the seven angels who have the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues, and he spoke with me. Men are not regarded as composing this tabernacle; they co-exist. And I heard as it were a voice of a great multitude, and as a voice of many waters, and as a voice of mighty thunders, saying, Alleluia, for the Lord God the Almighty reigneth. After so many sorrows, trials, difficulties, dangers, how sweet to have such a word, and to know that He who speaks is the holy and the true, and surely about to come in the faithfulness of His love! The Romans were the greatest experts in government the world has ever seen. This remains true also in its own place, as we shall find; and when it is a question of reward, this is precisely the grand point; but when it is a question of the bride above, that is the way in which it is presented here, as we may see clearly from verse 8. It will be better to read the description of the city of God as a whole before we deal with it in detail. That is, there was first the literal Babylon, of course; but here it is symbolical. 1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. Unbelief is never a consequence of knowledge, education, intelligence, or "honesty." Now we find the symbol of the bride brought before us, and the elders and the living creatures disappear. This is the first resurrection.". would embrace a lamentably large portion of the world as it has hitherto been. The angel, says John, carried him away in the Spirit to a high mountain. on the other, she had, when she could, gone on increasing in both, until at last the blow of divine judgment came. Her part in the corruption of the high and the intoxication of the low her idolatrous character has come before us. It is the divine judgment of man eternal judgment. Strangely enough it is different when we come to the wall. Thus the name of Christ, not merely as the root and the offspring of David, but as the bright morning star, calls out responsively the heart of the church, and this too under the guiding activity of the Holy Ghost. Verse Only. It furnishes material for a contrast between the earthly Jerusalem and the heavenly city, because if there be one thing more remarkable than another in Ezekiel's description, it is the temple. These gates could stand for the way into the holy city of those who come to Christianity by the intellectual exercise of thought, and have found the faith through their minds rather than through their hearts. Indeed it must be so, because, as we read in the end of the last chapter, there the lost were cast. It is therefore no wonder that both the Apostles speak of it as a real crime connected with murder and other works of the flesh, as well as with idolatry. It is not now lightnings and thunders and voices. "And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army. Your sun shall no more go down, nor your moon withdraw, itself; for the Lord will be your everlasting light, and your days. Again and again it has happened that an age of brilliance has been followed by an age of darkness. It is God's word of privilege to Israel: "I will give you for a light to the nations, that my salvation may reach to the ends of the earth" ( Isaiah 49:6). 22 I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God, the Almighty, is its temple, and the Lamb. And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and those are the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. The emerald was the modern emerald, which Pliny describes as the greenest of all green stones. Here we learn at once of what His train consists. And now the eternal state comes into view. [We've already looked at that] And there came unto me one of the seven angels ( Revelation 21:8-9 ). Men are so apt to limit their Churches, to shut out those who do not believe as they do or who do not administer as they do.